Fast Facts Canada
Canada is a country occupying most of northern North America. It is the world’s second largest country by area and extends from the Atlantic Ocean to the Pacific Ocean and northward into the Artic Ocean. Canada shares land borders with the United States to the northwest and south.
A habitat of Aboriginal people, Canada was founded in 1867 as a union of British North American colonies. It gained independence from the United Kingdom in an incremental process that ended in 1982. It remains a Commonwealth Realm with Queen Elizabeth as its head of state.
Canada is a federal Constitutional monarchy with parliamentary democracy. Comprising ten provinces and three territories, Canada is a bilingual and multicultural country, with both English and French as official languages. A technologically advanced and industrialized nation, Canada maintains a diversified economy that is heavily reliant its abundant natural resources on and trade particularly with the United States, with which Canada has had a long and complex relationship.
The government in Canada was basically based on British system and at present it operates as a federal multiparty constitutional monarchy. The provincial governments operate with their own ability to legislate on provincial matters. The head of state is the British queen with a governor general appointed as common wealth representative in Canada. Ottawa is a home to Canada’s parliament, House of Commons and senate.
Here are some relevant facts that would help you choose Canada as an education destination. Canada’s gross domestic product (GDP) has been growing faster than any other G7 country and its employment scenario is also strengthened. Canada ranks among the top ten manufacturing nations. Most of Canada’s manufacturing industry is in Ontario and Quebec, where motor vehicle production comprises the largest sector within this industry. Other important manufacturing sectors include food and beverages, paper and allied products, primary metals, fabricated metals, petrochemicals and chemicals. The Atlantic, Prairie and Pacific regions of Canada have more natural resource-based economies. The Atlantic Provinces focus on fishing, forestry and mining, while Prairie Provinces are dependent on agriculture and mineral fuels. British Columbia’s primary sectors are forestry and mining, as well as tourism.
The current population of Canada is 36,252,605 as of Friday, May 27, 2016, based on the latest United Nations estimates. Canada population is equivalent to 0.49% of the total world population. Canada ranks number 38 in the list of countries by population. The population density in Canada is 4 per Km2 (10 people per mi2). The total land area is 9,071,595 Km2 (3,502,561 sq. miles)
Canada was a major front in the War of 1812 between the United States and British Empire. Its defence contributed to a sense of unity among British North Americans. Large-scale immigration to Canada began in 1815 from Britain and Ireland. The timber industry would also surpassed the fur trade in importance in the early 1800s. Canada automatically entered the First World War in 1914 with Britain’s declaration of war, sending volunteers to the Western Front to fight as a national contingent. The Conscription Crisis of 1917 erupted when conservative Prime Minister Robert Borden brought in compulsory military service over the objection of French-speaking Quebecers. In 1919, Canada joined the League of Nations independent of Britain; In 1931 the Statute of Westminster affirmed Canada’s independence.
Canada occupies most of the northern portion of North America, sharing land borders with the United States to the south and with the US state of Alaska to the northwest, stretching from the Atlantic Ocean in the east to the Pacific Ocean in the west; To the north lies the Arctic Ocean. Since 1925, Canada has claimed the portion of the Arctic between 60°W and 141°W longitude; this claim is not universally recognized. The northernmost settlement in Canada (and in the world) is Canadian Forces Station (CFS) Alert on the northern tip of Ellesmere Island 4 latitude 82.5°N just 817 kilometers (450 nautical miles) from the North Pole. Canada is the world’s second-largest country in total area, after Russia, and the fourth largest in land area, after Russia, China and the United States.
Canadians are proud of their strong education and social welfare system. As a result of this system, the crime rate in Canada is low. Toronto is Canada’s largest city with around 4 million people, and it is continually rated as one of the safest urban areas in North America. Violent crime is rare. In general the Canadian population lives comfortably and feels safe under the Canadian environment.
Culture and Tradition
Canada is a multi-cultural country, and so it’s no surprise that there is a wide variety of religions practiced there. Although Canada began as a Christian country and Christianity continues to dominate, yet there is a wide spectrum of spiritual beliefs that cover all corners of the country. Almost all of the world’s ethnic groups are represented in Canada. As a result, most ethnic foods and recreational activities associated with specific cultures are available in Canada. Clubs, both informal and formal, and associations representing a multitude of ethnic backgrounds are also easily accessible. International student advisors at schools can help students get in touch with such groups. Due to an ethnic and immigrant population the variety and richness of art and sports is very evident. Canada is a bilingual country with two official languages, English and French.
Canada encourages people to maintain their original culture. Students can enjoy a multi-cultural environment and celebrate cultural diversity. The United Nations Chosen Place to Live in!! The UNO has time and again ranked Canada as a best place to live in and study, based upon Canada’s achievements in terms of educational accomplishments, life expectancy, national income and overall quality of life. It also included Canada’s abundance of fresh water, comfortable population density, low incidence of violent crime and a health care system that is a model for the world.
Excellence in Education and Research.
Canadian universities are ranked among the best in the world. Its degrees are valued and acknowledged all over. Moreover Canadian tuition fees are among the lowest in English-speaking countries.
Canada boasts of world class educational institutions for both Degrees and Diplomas in technical and professional disciplines. Over 148,000 international students attend Canadian colleges and universities from all over the globe. This means that you can meet people from around the world as well as people from your own country
Job Opportunities after Graduation.
International students are encouraged to take up jobs after their graduation. Students who have graduated from a Canadian university or college have the opportunity to work in Canada for up to one year after they receive their Degree or Diploma. International students can work on campus and off-campus without a work permit.
Safe & Peaceful Country.
Canada is a peaceful, politically stable, and safe country. It has laws that protect the rights of our citizens. Almost 65 per cent of international students in a CBIE survey cited that Canada’s reputation as a safe country as an important reason for deciding to study here.
Excellent Health Care.
Canada has very sophisticated yet inexpensive health care facilities. Compared to other countries, medical insurance is inexpensive in Canada.
Expertise in Language!
Students can enrich their linguistic and communicative abilities here in Canada considered world leader in language training. Over a century, Canada’s two official languages (English and French) have been taught as second languages.
A Multicultural Country
Canada is home to a large number of aboriginal people, called First Nations. Over the past century and a half, Canada has welcomed 15 million immigrants. Every year, some 200,000 new immigrants arrive here making Canada a diverse and rich cosmopolitan country. Canada has a national policy for multiculturalism and works to ensure that people’s customs and traditions are preserved and respected.
Salubrious Nature & Seasons.
While Canada has big cities, it also has a huge amount of unsettled land and a thriving national and provincial parks system. The temperature varies a great deal in Canada. Certain cities almost never have snow in the winter while other cities may get a lot. There’s something for everyone, including indoor and outdoor recreational activities at no or low cost. The four distinct seasons offer variety and their own special pleasures.
Canadians can be reserved with newcomers but are generally very welcoming, amicable and respectful of differences. Educational institutions encourage new students from abroad and many have fixed targets to increase their numbers of international students. One thing is for sure? Study in Canada will be a memorable experience!